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Kwanzaa Chain

This is a simple project that can be used to teach the littlest crafters the seven principles of Kwanzaa.


Red, Green and Black Construction Paper


Glue Stick

Magazines (Optional)

Black Marker


You can click on Printables and print out the colored symbols we have provided to glue to your Kwanzaa Chain or you can have the children cut pictures out of magazines.

Cut 1 1/2 inch strips out of the construction paper. We wrote the names of the seven sybols on the red and green strips and glued pictures on the black on.

After you have finished decorating the strips, form a circle with the first strip and glue the ends together. Loop the next strip inside that circle and glue the ends to start forming your chain. Continue until you have used up all your strips.

If you are working in a group you might want to connect all of the chains together to signify the unity of the group.


The Symbols of Kwanzaa

Kwanzaa has seven basic symbols and two supplemental ones. Each represents values and concepts reflective of African culture and contributive to community building and reinforcement. The basic symbols in Swahili and then in English are:

Mazao (The Crops)
These are symbolic of African harvest celebrations and of the rewards of productive and collective labor.

Mkeka (The Mat)
This is symbolic of our tradition and history and therefore, the foundation on which we build.

Kinara (The Candle Holder)
 This is symbolic of our roots, our parent people -- continental Africans.

Muhindi (The Corn)
This is symbolic of our children and our future which they embody.

Mishumaa Saba (The Seven Candles)
These are symbolic of the Nguzo Saba, the Seven Principles, the matrix and minimum set of values which African people are urged to live by in order to rescue and reconstruct their lives in their own image and according to their own needs.

Kikombe cha Umoja (The Unity Cup)
This is symbolic of the foundational principle and practice of unity which makes all else possible.

Zawadi (The Gifts)
These are symbolic of the labor and love of parents and the commitments made and kept by the children.

The two supplemental symbols are:

Bendera (The Flag)
The colors of the Kwanzaa flag are the colors of the Organization Us, black, red and green; black for the people, red for their struggle, and green for the future and hope that comes from their struggle. It is based on the colors given by the Hon. Marcus Garvey as national colors for African people throughout the world.

Nguzo Saba Poster (Poster of The Seven Principles)

Listed under:

African Crafts, Cut and Paste Crafts, Kwanzaa Crafts, PreSchool Crafts

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Image of Kwanzaa Chain


Image of The FreeKidsCrafts Team
The FreeKidsCrafts Team

These projects are created by Terri, Betty, Jamie or one of the talented staff members at MakingFriends.com. They have been created exclusively for publication on FreeKidsCrafts.com with supplies you'll be able to find around your house.

Patterns, Templates and Printables

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